Notes

[N1]

Lane Cove West, NSW

[N2]

Resided at Gumeracha, SA.

[N3]

Private, No.2105, 5th Pioneers, AIF. Enlisted 6 April 1916, returned to
Australia, 24 August 1918.

[N4]

Resided at St Kitts

[N5]

Resided in Clements Gap, near Snowtown, SA. Sergeant, 10th Bn, AIF,
No.2363. Enlisted 30 March 1915. Returned to Australia on 20 December
1917.

[N6]

Resided in Adelaide, SA.

[N7]

Generaloberst, Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.
Commanded III Army Corps and III Panzer Corps.

[N8]

Resided at Stansbury.

[N9]

Third child of Christoph Tepperwien.

[N10]

Resided at Alberton, SA

[N11]

Arrived in 1855 aboard the Victoria Regia. Lived at Fifth Creek, SA.

[N12]

Arrived in SA from England on 6 December 1837 on the Navarino.

[N13]

German diplomat

[N14]

First child of Christoph Tepperwien.
Baptised 11 April 1666

[N15]

No.436, Private, 10th Battalion, AIF, original of "A" company

[N16]

No. 4762, 1st AIF, Awarded Military Medal, with 50th Battalion.

[N17]

Arrived in 1856 on the Violet. Resided at Wallaroo, SA.

[N18]

Field Marshal August von Mackensen.

August von Mackensen was one of the most capable German generals of the First World War, commanding at the breakthrough battle of Gorlice-Tarnow, one of the most decisive battles of the war, as well as during the invasions of Serbia and Romania. He was born in 1849 in Schmiedeberg in Saxony, the son of an estate manager. In October 1869 he interrupted his university studies to enlist as a one yearvolunteer in the 2nd Life Guard Hussar Regiment, serving with that unit during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71. After the war he returned to complete his studies at Halle, before in 1873 rejoiningthe regiment.

In 1880 he was appointed to the General Staff, despite not having attended the war college, remaining there until 1894. From 1891-1893 he served as the adjutant to Count Alfred von Schlieffen, the then Chief of the General Staff. From the General Staff he went to the prestigious 1st (Deathís Head) Life Guard Hussar Regiment, as lieutenant-colonel from 1894 and colonel from 1897. He would wear the uniform of this regiment for the rest of his life.

As an officer with such a prestigious cavalry regiment, he frequently came to the attention of the Kaiser, and in 1898 became an adjutant to Wilhelm II, accompanying him on his visit to Palestine. In 1899 he was raised to the nobility. He was also honoured with an ŗ la suite appointment to the newly created Life Guard Hussar Brigade. In 1908 he was appointed to command XVII Army Corps, with the rank of General of Cavalry.

At the outbreak of the First World War, Mackensenís XVII Corps was allocated to the Eighth Army under General Max von Prittwitz und Gaffron. His first battlefield experience was not encouraging. At Gumbinnen he attacked entrenched Russian positions, without first conducting proper reconnaissance. His men were cut down, and fled. The situation was eventually restored, but Mackensen had suffered 8,000 casualties, and the news of his retreat caused a panic at Eighth Army headquarters. General Prittwitz ordered a retreat to the line of the Vistula, and on 12 August Mackensenís corps crossed the river.

His corps soon redeemed itself, taking part in the attack on the Russian right at the battle of Tannenberg, which destroyed the Russian Second Army, and then the first battle of the Masurian Lakes, which pushed the Russian First Army out of the heart of East Prussia.

Although these battles removed the threat to East Prussia, Russian armies still threatened the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Germans decided to launch an invasion of western Poland to relieve the pressure on their ally. Mackensenís XVII corps was transferred to the Ninth Army in Silesia and took part in the resulting battle of the Vistula River (28 September-30 October 1914). His corps came within twelve miles of Warsaw (first battle of Warsaw, 19-30 October), before a Russian counterattack forced the Germans to retreat.

On 1 November Mackensen was promoted to command the Ninth Army. The threat to Austro-Hungary was now replaced with a direct threat to Germany Silesia. Hindenburg and Ludendorff responded by moving theNinth Army back from Silesia to a line between Posen and Thorn, from where it would attack the right flank of the Russian armies advancing through Poland. The German attack began on 10 November (second battle of Warsaw). The advancing Russians were caught by surprise, and their Second Army came close to being cut off. However, Grand Duke Nicholas responded quickly, and the Russians were able to escape from the trap. Despite this, the German attack did stop the Russian invasion of Germany, and the Russians pulled back to a new line around Warsaw.

On 16 April 1915 Mackensen was rewarded for his performance during the second battle of Warsaw with command of a new Eleventh Army, made up of four corps moved secretly from the western front. His newchief of staff was Hans von Seeckt, who would remain with him for the rest of the war, and help plan each of his great victories.

Mackensenís new army had been created to break the deadlock on the eastern front, and on 2-10 May at Gorlice-Tarnow it achieved just that. Mackensen, with the help of the Third and Fourth Austro-Hungarian armies, punched a hole in the Russian front between Gorlice and Tarnow, at the western end of the Carpathian Front. Mackensen was able to exploit this breakthrough, and his army advanced rapidly through Russian Poland. The Russians were forced to pull back throughout the summer of 1916, eventually taking up a position close to the Pripet Marshes. The fortresses of Przemysl and Lemberg were recovered by the Germans. In June, after the capture of Lemberg, Mackensen was promoted to field marshal and on 4 July his command was expanded to form Army Group Mackensen (containing the German 11th and Bug Armies and the Austro-Hungarian Fourth Army).

This great success gave Mackensen a level of prestige in Germany second only to Hindenburg. When General Falkenhayn, Chief of the General Staff was looking for someone to command the armies in the autumn invasion of Serbia, Mackensen was the obvious candidate. On 16 September 1915 he was appointed to command a new Army Group Mackensen, containing the German Ninth Army, Austro-Hungarian Third Army and the Bulgarian First Army.

The second invasion of Serbia (5 October-December 1915) was another triumph for Mackensen. His German and Austrian armies attacked across the rivers Sava and Danube, east and west of Belgrade. The city fell on 9 October. At the same time the Bulgarian First Army invaded Serbia from the east, and their Second Army from the south east. The Serbs were outnumbered, out gunned and surrounded. Their only rail connection to the Allies (at Salonika) was soon cut, and they were forced to retreat across the mountains to the Adriatic coast. The only disappointment for Mackensen was that he was unable to trap and destroy the Serbian army.

His final success was the invasion of Romania at the end of 1916. Encouraged by the success of the Brusilov Offensive and by Allied promises of territorial gains, Romania declared war on Germany and Austro-Hungary in August 1916. Mackensen was given command of a mixed army of Germans, Bulgarians, Austro-Hungarians and Turks, and invaded Romania from the south. Command of this invasion was split. While Mackensen commanded the forces attacking from Bulgaria, the invasion was used as a chance to remove General Falkenhayn from his post of Chief of the General Staff. He was given command of the German Ninth Army, and attacked western Romania across the Transylvanian Alps.

Mackensenís troops reached Bucharest on 6 December, after defeating a Romanian army three times larger than his own force. They also occupied the Black Sea port of Constanza. The Romanians were forcedback into a tiny enclave around Jassy, on the Russian border, where they managed to hold on until the end of the war. Mackensen was appointed to command the German occupying force in Romania. One of his duties was to oppose the Allies at Salonika.

On 10 November, as the Armistice approached, Mackensen began to clear his troops out of Romania, but he remained in Bucharest, where on 16 December he was arrested by the new government and handed over to the French. He wasnít released until December 1919. The next month he retired from the army.

After the war Mackensen remained a convinced royalist. As the last surviving German field marshal of the First World War he became a potent symbol for the Nazis, appearing in his Deathís Head Hussarísuniform with Hitler at a number of military events. He retired from public life after the death of the Kaiser in 1941, and survived for long enough to see Germany lose the Second World War, dying in November 1945.

During his career Mackensen was sometimes accused of being a ďcourt generalĒ, having gained his commands because of his connection to the Kaiser rather than through his own ability. His performance onthe eastern front in 1915 and 1916 clearly disproves this idea. He was a very able general, capable of exploiting the breakthroughs his attacks created. He was never tested against the British or French on the western front, but he eventually defeated every army he was asked to attack.

(Source: http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_mackensen_august.html)

[N19]

Arrived in SA on 6 February 1840 from England on the Java. Resided at
Bowden and Macaw Creek, SA

[N20]

Resided at Reynella, O'Halloran Hill, Happy Valley and Brighton, SA.

[N21]

Arrived in SA around 1852.

[N22]

Joined the 1st AIF as a Registered Nurse with the Australian Army
Nursing Service on21 November 1914. Served in Egypt and France. Married
an Englishman and stayed in England after the War. She was discharged on
10 August 1917.

[N23]

Granville, NSW

[N24]

Resided at Mitcham, Glenelg, Pt Pirie, St Leonards.

[N25]

Arrived in SA on the Trafalgar in 1849. Resided at Nairne.

[N26]

Arrived about 1851 from England. Resided at Nairne, SA.

[N27]

Arrived in SA in 'Navarino' in 1837. Resided in North Adelaide, SA.

[N28]

Arrived in SA in 1840, on the Brightman. Resided at Gumeracha and East
Adelaide.

[N29]

Resided at East Adelaide, Marden and Stansbury, SA.

[N30]

Arrived in SA in 1854 on the Standard. Resided at Millicent, SA.

[N31]

Hunters Hill, NSW

[N32]

Lived in Burra and Moonta until settling in Broken Hill around 1883. Initially worked in Rasp's and McCulloch's sections of BHP mine. Superintendent, Cambrian Silver Mine at Stephen's Creek 1886-87. Managed Silver Ring Mine 1887-90 in Broken Hill.In 1892 elected President of Amalgamated Miners Association at Broken Hill. One of seven union leaders jailed late 1892 for inciting workers to strike. Worked in or managed mines in Coolgardie and Bardoc, WA. Naturalized in Broken Hill on 2 May 1901. In 1903-08 lived in Morgan Street, Broken Hill. In 1909-15 in Crystal St and 1917-18 in Beryl St.

[N33]

Resided at Cunliffe.

[N34]

Severely wounded in right thigh in 1917. Killed in action at Monument
Wood, Villers Bretoneux, 9 May 1918.

[N35]

Arrived in SA in 1856 on the Violet.

[N36]

Resided at Gumeracha and Terowie. He arrived in South Australia from
Victoria in approximately 1850.

[N37]

Arrived in South Australia in 1839 aboard the Hooghly. Resided in
Adelaide and Norwood, SA

[N38]

Resided at Stansbury.

[N39]

Christoph Tepperwien married twice.

[N40]

Resided at Kapunda, SA.

[N41]

Arrived in SA about 1843. Resided at Balhannah and Blakiston, SA.

[N42]

Disraeli Degenhardt Denmark Donnelly Douglas Topperwien
(6 February 1881 - February 1953)
In 1914, Disraeli was a fitter at Gladstone and became a sharebroker. In
1940 he lived at Glenelg North and worked as a railway engineer. He
never married. It is said that he was well mannered and well educated.
He was buried in the Stirling East cemetery on 16 February 1953.

[N43]

Arrived by 1841. Resided at Alberton, SA.

[N44]

Also known as George Christian Carl Oppermann

[N45]

Known as William Henry Frederick Heberle.

[N46]

Sixth child of Christoph Tepperwien.

[N47]

No.18, Driver, 43rd Battalion, AIF

[N48]

Arrived on the Northumberland in 1864.

[N49]

Jessica was born in New South Wales between 1890 and 1893. She was a
commerce
teacher at Adelaide Technical High School and it is said that she put
the fear of God into her students. She was buried in the Stirling East
cemetery on 1 July 1955.

[N50]

Enlisted for WWI but did not serve outside Australia and was discharged due to asthma.

[N51]

She has travelled around Australia. She owns a hotel at White Cliffs,
NSW.

[N52]

Twin of Catherine Ross Eglinton

[N53]

Resided in Maitland, SA. Departed SA in 1892 for Victoria.

[N54]

Resided at Macaw Creek, SA

[N55]

MBE

[N56]

Resided at Nairne, Mt Barker SA.

[N57]

Arrived, 1839 on the Fairfield. Resided at Adelaide, Staughton Village,
Callington and Others.

[N58]

Known as Martin Oppermann

[N59]

South Glanville, NSW

[N60]

Arrived in SA on the John Renwick on 10 February 1837.

[N61]

Arrived in Burra in 1854 by the ship Johann Caesar. He worked for some time at the Burra mine and also for the Main Roads Board and then the Burra District Council. He was much respected for his straightforwardness and integrity. He was a keen floriculturist, winning many prizes at the local flower shows. He also grew many kinds of fruit.
He was known as Charlie Oppermann
He joined the Burra Lodge in 1858.
Martin Oppermann of Wolloway was a brother.

[N62]

Arrived in SA from Tasmania on 23 February 1846 on the Margaret.

[N63]

Resided at Nairne, SA.

[N64]

Resided at Stepney, SA

[N65]

Arrived in SA in 1840 on the Brightman. Resided at Pt Augusta and
Adelaide, SA.

[N66]

At time of marriage, lived at Cartarpoo. Married at Kooringa, Burra.
Witnesses to the marriage were S A Richards and Lucy Daniels. They were
married at William Richard's house at Kooringa. Resided at Gumbowie,
near Swan Reach.

[N67]

Pendle Hill, NSW

[N68]

Resided at Mitland and Ardrossan, SA.

[N69]

Resided at Kooringa, Burra, SA

[N70]

Arrived in South Australia aboard the Marion. He resided at Reynella and
Happy Valley.

[N71]

Arrived in SA 1839 on the Hooghly. Resided in Adelaide.

[N72]

No.598, original of 10th Battalion, AIF, "G" Company.

[N73]

Witnesses to the marriage were David Benhall and Lydia Semmens.

[N74]

Resided at Toorak Gardens, SA.

[N75]

DFM

[N76]

Fourth child of Christoph Tepperwien.

[N77]

REsided at Glenburnie, Mt Gambier, Millicent, Mayura, SA.

[N78]

Arrived, 1874 in the Hesperus. Resided at Norwood, Mt Lofty, Glenelg, SA

[N79]

Resided at McLaren Vale, Aldinga, Milang, Wilmington SA.

[N80]

Hilda was an infant teacher a Methodist Ladies College and taught music
at the Elder
Conservatorium. She never married. Hilda lived at "Derrymore", Stirling
West, and was
buried in the Stirling East cemetery on 19 December 1949.

[N81]

Seventh child of Christoph Tepperwien.

[N82]

No.7, Staff Sergeant Bootmaker, 43rd Battalion, AIF.

[N83]

Resided at Montacute, Norwood, Moonta SA.

[N84]

Now calls himself Loris Erik Kent Hemlof.

[N85]

Resided at Montacute, Woodside, Scotts Creek SA.

[N86]

Keith was a chemist and manager of Burden Chemist in King William
Street, Adelaide,
for many years. He lived at 136 Victoria Parade, Hawthorn.

[N87]

Resided at Macaw Creek, SA.

[N88]

Resided at Kensington, Gawler and Kent Town, SA

[N89]

Daughter of a french Marquis

[N90]

Arrived in SA on the Standard. Resided at Nairne, SA.

[N91]

Current partner is Kristine Gardiner

[N92]

Resided at Kent Town, SA.

[N93]

Army service: SX12164
7 April 1941 to 16 January 1946

[N94]

Eighth child of Christoph Tepperwien.

[N95]

Resided at Mt Pleasant, Springton, Cambrai SA.

[N96]

Resided at Kanmantoo, SA

[N97]

Lance Corporal, No.831, 43rd Battalion AIF, Killed in action at
Warneton, France, 31 July 1917.

[N98]

South Glanville, NSW

[N99]

Arrived in SA in 1840 on th Brightman. Resided at Adelaide, Middleton
and Maitland, SA.

[N100]

Resided at Gawler, SA.

[N101]

Resided at Pt Pirie, SA.

[N102]

Arrived in SA 1840 on the Brightman. Resided at Kent Town, SA.

[N103]

Resided at Gumeracha, Stansbury, Forreston SA.

[N104]

Resided at Sedan

[N105]

Resided at Gumeracha.

[N106]

Arrived in 1838 aboard the Pestomjee Bomanjee.

[N107]

Enlisted in AIF in WWI. Served 10 Bn. Embarked on 28 August 1916. Discharged 11 April 1918.

[N108]

Resided at Forest Range and Athelstone, SA.

[N109]

South Glanville, NSW

[N110]

58th Battalion, AIF enlisted 11/5/1916, returned to Australia 19/10/1918

[N111]

Resided at Dulwich and Millswood, SA.

[N112]

Resided at Stepney and Maylands, SA.

[N113]

Arrived in SA from NSW around 1850. Resided at North Gumeracha, Terowie
and North Richmond.

[N114]

Arrived in South Australia aboard the NIMROD in 1856.

[N115]

Cora Adeline was a homemaker and never married. She lived at
"Derrymore", Stirling
West, and was buried in the Stirling East cemetery on 14 December 1952.

[N116]

The 1900 US Census records that he had been married for 20 years but that in 1900 he was widowed.

[N117]

Second child of Christoph Tepperwien.

[N118]

Arrived in SA in 1849 on the Caspar. Resided in Adelaide, Burnside,
Millswood, SA.

[N119]

Resided at Terowie, SA. Came overland from NSW in 1850.

[N120]

Elaine, became a librarian. She is the only living descendant of Albert
Ernst. She never
married and lives at Wangaratta, Victoria.

[N121]

Fifth child of Christoph Tepperwien.

[N122]

Arrived in South Australia from Kay, Brandenburg, District of Zullichau
in 1841. The reason given was the free practice of his Lutheran worship.
See "Because of their beliefs", W Iwan, edited by David Schubert,
pp.83-84.

[N123]

Arrived in SA in 1878 on the Hesperus. resided at North Adelaide and
Bowden.

[N124]

Arrived in SA from NSW about 1850.

[N125]

Arrived in SA on 6 February 1840 from England on the Java. Resided at
Bowden and Brompton, SA.

[N126]

Awarded Military Cross in World War 1.

[N127]

Arrived in SA in 1840s from Victoria. Resided at Gawler and Port Augusta
SA.

[N128]

Resided at Wayville and Norwood.

[N129]

Known as Eldon. The date of birth given to the rest of the family was 6
August 1918 because they did not want the family to know that his mother
was already pregnant when they married. Soon after the marriage the went
to live in New Zealand, where Eldon was born.

[N130]

Lives in Lyons, ACT

[N131]

Resided at Nairne, Callington, Brighton and others in SA.

[N132]

Arrived in SA on the Wilhelmine on 1 October 1855.

[N133]

Arrived in 1856 on the Black Swan from NSW. Resided at Strathalbyn,
Merriton and Wandearah, SA.

[N134]

Military service: S65281, Army
17 April 1942 to 25 September 1945

[N135]

Julia is a Registered Nurse and Midwife, having trained at the Royal
Adelaide Hospital
and Queen Victoria Hospital, Rose Park, SA. She has also worked at the
Flinders Medical
Centre, Bedford Park, SA and Calvary Hospital, North Adelaide. Her
interests include
calligraphy.

[N136]

Painter

[N137]

South Glanville, NSW

[N138]

Arrived in SA in 1840 on the Brightman. Resided at St Peters and
Payneham, SA.

[N139]

Arrived in SA in 1840 on the Brightman. Resided at Stepney, Payneham,
Stansbury and Adelaide Hills.

[N140]

Arrived in SA in 1840 on the Brightman. Resided at Stepney, East
Adelaide, Gumeracha and other places in SA.

[N141]

Resided at Gawler, SA.

[N142]

Volrad married Judith Faye Crane on 13 January 1972 at Millicent, SA. He
is a self-
employed carpenter at Mount Burr, SA. They have three children:
* Katareena Valmai, born on 26 April 1973;
* Michael Andrew, born on 26 February 1976; and
* Lavinia Faye, born on 28 January 1981.

[N143]

Enlisted in AIF in WWI. Joined 27 Bn. Died of meningitis in Cairo. Served at Gallipoli from 4 September 1915.


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